School of Politics and International Relations - Events

01
Sep
2016

Sparing Civilians

In this talk, I will be running over the central themes of my book, Sparing Civilians (OUP 2015). I'll start by introducing the norm that protects civilians in war, and then explain how recent military practice, as well as trends in contemporary just war theory, have put the protection of civilians in jeopardy. I'll set out my approach to vindicating that protection, and run through my core arguments for that conclusion. Seth Lazar is a Senior... Read more

18
Aug
2016

Design Weaknesses in American Presidential Elections

The 2016 presidential election will be held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November and until then most attention will focus on the two nominees. But there are more enduring issues. The electoral system's poor designs compromise the results. One problem is a lack of uniformity. There are literally 100 sets of rules for the conduct of primaries. The primary system tends to empower extreme wings of both parties. There are 13,000... Read more

11
Aug
2016

The Good Hegemon: How the United States Helps People to Hold the Multilateral Development Banks to Account

In 1994 the World Bank created a precedent under international law, opening itself up to being held to account by people negatively affected by the projects it finances in developing countries. It was the first time that a universal international organisation (IO) recognised that it had a non-contractual relationship with individuals. The creation of the World Bank’s Inspection Panel and its Information Disclosure policy has been sufficiently... Read more

04
Aug
2016

An Analytical Theory of Just Market Exchange

The problem of moral sensibility as a source for political preference is widely discussed. This paper presents a parametric model for comparing differences in a particularly salient moral conception: the importance of disparity or inequality in bargaining position as a source of motivations to regulate exchange. Economists have assumed that "voluntary" exchanges are the norm, but this view is widely disputed. Our conception of "voluntary"... Read more

28
Jul
2016

(How) Does the Australian Parliament contribute to the making of ‘well-balanced’ National Security Legislation? An Examination of the Enactment of the Australian Citizenship Amendment (Allegiance to Australia) Act 2015?

In December 2015 the Australian Citizenship Amendment (Allegiance to Australia) Act 2015 (Cth) was passed by the Commonwealth Parliament. This controversial addition to the Australian counter-terrorism law framework provided mechanisms for dual citizens who had engaged in terrorism activities to have their citizenship cease. In this paper I examine the parliamentary process which produced this piece of legislation. I am interested in... Read more

21
Jul
2016

Walking the Representation Tightrope: Party demands, community expectations and immigrant-origin politicians’ representation goals

This seminar is supported by the ANU Centre for European Studies This seminar examines ideas of representation in diversifying legislatures. Grounded in in-depth interviews with immigrant-origin politicians across Belgium’s parliaments, I examine “ethnic” MPs’ understandings of their representational and legislative roles. I contend that looking beyond quantitative measures of substantive representation allows us to understand how immigrant-... Read more

14
Jul
2016

SPIR Seminar Series: Semester 2, 2016

Week Speaker Talk Topic 14 July Raoni Rajao, The forest multiple: the ontological strategies of deforestation in Amazonia 21 July Fiona Barker Walking the Representation Tightrope: Party demands, community expectations and immigrant-origin politicians’ representation goals 28 July Dominique Dalla-Pozza (How) Does the Australian Parliament contribute to the making of ‘well-balanced’ National Security Legislation? An Examination of the Enactment... Read more

14
Jul
2016

The forest multiple: the ontological strategies of deforestation in Amazonia

This paper proposes the notion of ‘ontological strategies’ to argue that deforestation is far from being a singular phenomenon whose constitution as an environmental crime is an unproblematic, straightforward bureaucratic operation involving the direct representation of the world “out there”. In line with debates in (post-)actor-network theory (Annemarie Mol, 2002), the paper highlights how deforestation is at the same time more than one (since... Read more

18
Feb
2016
30
Jun
2016

Semester One: SPIR Seminar Series

Week Speaker Talk title 18 February Mark Franklin " Does electoral integrity yield more responsive government? " 25 February Csaba Nikolenyi " Party Switching In Israel and Canada: Assessing the Impact of Electoral and Legislative Institutions " 3 March Jørgen Elklit ' Kenya’s 2007 elections – what went wrong, and why? ' 10 March Mariana Llanos ' Comparing Courts Cross-regionally: Lessons and Challenges ' 17 March Jonathan Molloy “ Comparing the... Read more

26
May
2016

Oil, development and sustainability in Ecuador: 1972-2016

Ecuador ranks among the most biodiverse countries in the word, and it has been an oil exporter since 1972. Although oil became the backbone of the economy, the country’s extractive capacity is declining, oil prices have been volatile, and diversification is necessary. Extractive-based economies in developing countries have been affected by weak economic performance, low diversification, structural unemployment, limited institutional development... Read more

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