School of Politics and International Relations - Events

21
Apr
2016

Religious Persecution and Political Order in the United States

Smith 's book, Religious Persecution and Political Order in the United States , examines why the state has acted to protect some religious minorities while allowing others to be persecuted or actively persecuting them. It details the persecution experiences of Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses, Catholics, Jews, the Nation of Islam, and orthodox Muslims in America, developing a theory for why the state has intervened to protect some but not others... Read more

14
Apr
2016

Citizens and the News: Personality and Emotion on the Edge of Deliberation.

In a democracy, the quality of citizen engagement depends on the way people deal with political information. On encountering the news, they may seek to learn more, they may listen to what others are saying, and they may take into account others' needs when considering possible policy options. Or they may ignore everything and hold fast to their preconceptions. Recent research has shown that people's reactions to the news will depend on how that... Read more

31
Mar
2016

The Importance of Apologies in Arbitration Outcomes of Grievances in Discharge and Discipline Cases

Apologies are legion in political, civic and dispute resolution spheres. Labor arbitrators attest that an apology from the grievant does not matter in determining his or her decision in a case-only the facts matter. The results from this experimental design of U.S. arbitrators indicate that apologies do matter. Sincere apologies, offered either early or late, significantly increase the probability of reinstatement or reduction of discipline in 1... Read more

24
Mar
2016

Violence as an electoral strategy

This paper contributes two arguments to the growing election violence literature. First, it posits that election violence is more likely to be a strategic decision made by political elites, and as such these actors have incentives to threaten violence before actually using it. Second, it explores how both the incumbent government and opposition groups strategically respond in kind to opponents’ actions. This interaction helps explain how... Read more

17
Mar
2016

Comparing the Religious Right in Canada and Australia

This research compares the politics of conservative Christians in Canada and Australia, asking to what extent each country has an active and influential “religious right” and the role of political institutions and social configurations in shaping activism and influence in each country. An underlying and often problematic question, however, is defining what actually constitutes the religious right, especially across national and social contexts... Read more

10
Mar
2016

Comparing Courts Cross-regionally: Lessons and Challenges

This presentation summarizes the main results of the project “Judicial (In)dependence in New Democracies Courts, Presidents and Legislatures in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa” (SAW, 2011-2015). A starting point in our analysis was the unbalance of power between strong executives / elected power holders, and weak courts, a feature that is common to many new democracies in our regions. The project focused on three potential ways in which... Read more

03
Mar
2016

Kenya’s 2007 elections – what went wrong, and why?

International organisations play many different roles during election processes in new and emerging democracies (and in countries hoping to be seen as democracies). These roles—and their impact—become particularly interesting during situations that develop into ‘an electoral crisis’. An electoral crisis is some kind of humanitarian or political (or other) crisis, where administrative or other problems in relation to an electoral process function... Read more

25
Feb
2016

Party Switching In Israel and Canada: Assessing the Impact of Electoral and Legislative Institutions

This paper seeks to resolve the puzzle of an unexpected difference in the rates of party switching between Canada and Israel. Although it is well known that party-centered electoral systems, such as the closed-list proportional representation that Israel has used since the creation of the State, incentivize elected legislators to remain loyal to their party groups more than candidate-centered electoral systems do, such as Canada’s first-past-the... Read more

18
Feb
2016
30
Jun
2016

Semester One: SPIR Seminar Series

Week Speaker Talk title 18 February Mark Franklin " Does electoral integrity yield more responsive government? " 25 February Csaba Nikolenyi " Party Switching In Israel and Canada: Assessing the Impact of Electoral and Legislative Institutions " 3 March Jørgen Elklit ' Kenya’s 2007 elections – what went wrong, and why? ' 10 March Mariana Llanos ' Comparing Courts Cross-regionally: Lessons and Challenges ' 17 March Jonathan Molloy “ Comparing the... Read more

18
Feb
2016

Does electoral integrity yield more responsive government?

Abstract This paper investigates European party congruence with voters in left-right terms over the period of a quarter century since the late 1980s. By aggregating individual-level data collected for many countries over a long time-period to the birth-year-cohort level, and in conjunction with measures of electoral integrity created by the Electoral Integrity Project and other sources, I attempt to determine whether differences in electoral... Read more

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